(GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. Digitaria setigera is locally common on the outer islands of the Northern Kermadec Islands group. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments … The seeds are edible most notably those of fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua), Digitaria sanguinalis, as well as Digitaria compacta. Shand 1987. (USF) Digitaria bicornis : Asian crab grass (USF) Digitaria cf. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. intercedens (Beck) Soó: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Leaves are rolled in the bud and more numerous at the base. Recorded from Raoul Island but not confirmed from there recently. Paspalum heteranthum Hook. Merr. Despite this Edgar & Shand (1987), Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) treated Digitaria setigera as naturalised to the Kermadec Islands though without providing any justification for their decision (it is assumed they took advice from W.R. Sykes). Digitaria stewartiana Bor. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard Digitaria sanguinalis var. Digitaria (Poaceae, Englerian circumscription) - index of taxa : Taxon (links to FLAS catalog) Common Name: Search other Florida herbaria : Digitaria [species indet.] Collected once sometime between 1838 and 1840 (possibly as a genuinely naturalised occurrence) from the Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand. & Schult. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 42: 118–175. The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). Digitaria setigera Nodes and leaves at Kipahulu LZ Haleakala National Park, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. A revision of Digitaria Haller (Gramineae) in Malesia. Name: Sira-bon (Assamese) Mikania micrantha HBK ex Kunth (Poaceae)Vern. Henr. The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. de Lange for NZPCN, 29 May 2020. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. India 7: 16. Preferred name: Digitaria setigera. synonym for Digitaria setigera var. Scientific Name: Samoan Name: Common Name: Photo: TSN: Park Status: Abundance: Residency: Nativity: Axonopus compressus : broadleaf carpetgrass : 41465 : Present in Park The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) Edgar, E and H.E. Kermadec Islands Flora. Connor 2010. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/ (Date website was queried), © 2020 New Zealand Plant Conservation Network • Website by RS, Members can view this photo in high resolution, National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank, Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017, https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/, Project 1 - Pohutukawa, Rata and Myrtaceae, Project 2 - Alpine flora and the Forget-Me-Nots, Project 4 - Podocarps and trees of the forest, Pros and cons of presence/absence surveys. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Ligule 1.0‒2.5 mm, membranous, glabrous, truncate, erose. The vegetation of the Kermadec Islands. & Schult. 1995. Often found around the nests of Kermadec petrel (Pterodroma neglecta) and Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani). Sheaths and lower parts of leaves loosely hairy on both surfaces. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. On the flora of the Kermadec Islands: with notes on the fauna. marattensis (Henrard) Bor Panicum adpressum Forssk. Checklist of Panicoid grasses naturalised in New Zealand; with a key to native and naturalised genera and species. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 219: 1–199. Stems rooting at lower nodes. December 2013). Recent synonyms:D. pruriens. Authority: Roth ex Roemer & Schultes. long, or digitate in the smaller plants; racemes 4–15 cm. It also has decent nutrient qualities as a forage for cattle.[5][6]. 1925. Roem. Name: Japani-lota, Japani-habi (Assamese) Paspalum longifolium Roxb. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 343–353. Syst.Veg. f., Fl. Wayside Plants of the Islands – a guide to the lowland Flora of the Pacific Islands. long, 3–12 mm. Velkamp (1973), who synonymised D. pruriens with D. setigera, included the Kermadec Islands in this species’ natural distribution without further comment. C.E.Hubb. based on tuberculosis. microbachne (J. Presl) Fosberg. 2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: OL, SO. Whistler pers. Digitaria setigera Roth Accepted Name Itchy crabgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Digitaria > Digitaria setigera Roth Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. ex Trin.) The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. On the Kermadec Islands flowering may occur throughout the year, On the Kermadec Islands fruiting may occur throughout the year. Sorting Digitaria Names Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. Biological control is preferable over herbicide use on lawns, as crabgrass emergence is not the cause of poor lawn health but a symptom, and it will return annually if the lawn is not restored with fertilization and proper watering. ex Loudon Common names Asian crabgrass in language. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. — leaf spot Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) (Poaceae)Vern. Not known to be cultivated in New Zealand. Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: India:, Heyne s.n. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org Presented here is summary information about the species Digitaria setigera from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Name. Cheeseman, T.F. Beyond the small area of occupancy there are no active threats known from this species, though it may have been lost from Raoul Island. Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes arranged on a common axis 1–6 cm. Leaf-sheath folded, ribbed, light green to dark green, sometimes glaucescent or darkly maroon pigmented, bearing long, fine, spreading, tubercle-based hairs. 2017. 1906. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. wide. Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants. Brit. Sykes, W.R. 1977. var. (2018) accept Digitaria setigera as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands. Schultz [crab grass] Puccinia oahuensis — leaf and stem rust Diffenbachia Schott [dumbcane] Lophodermium sp. Leaf-blade 35‒100 × 2‒7 mm, light green, dark green, often glaucescent, soft, linear tapering to long, finely pointed tip, surfaces finely hairy, ribs and margins scabrid. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Checklist of grasses in Namibia, Part 3", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria&oldid=986895799, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2014, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:56. 1896. spec. Büse. Despite this view, Pacific flora and grass treatments and view points of botanists studying that region, notably including Sykes himself when question in 2013, regard this grass as indigenous to tropical Asia, Malesia, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, and significantly with respect to the Kermadec Islands, also the nearby Norfolk Island group, so its presence on the Northern Kermadec Island group is not incompatible with it being indigenous there (Green 1994, Whistler 1995; Edgar & Connor 2010; R. O. Gardner, W.R. Sykes & W.A. V. Grasses. & Vaughan Digitaria pruriens var. Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. (Year at time of access): Digitaria setigera Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). They are annual plants, and one plant is capable of producing 150,000 seeds per season. Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. ex Trin.) Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Culm 0.1‒0.45(‒1.0) m, ascending-erect or floppy, internodes glabrous. & Schult. Fonio has been widely used as a staple crop in parts of Africa. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Veldkamp, J.F. Vol. For this reason de Lange et al. Digitaria swalleniana Henrard. (Roemer & Schultes) Veldkamp. (1771) Field and herbarium studies have revealed a greater diversity of Thai Digitaria (Poaceae) than previously known. ... Digitaria setigera Roth. Digitaria bicornis Roem. Authority. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments about its indigenous status in the ‘Tropical Pacific’ implies that he may also have considered it indigenous there. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. Description adapted from Edgar & Connor (2000). Description Top of page. tahitiensis Henrard, 1950 Digitaria reflexa Schumach. These species often become problem weeds in lawns and gardens, growing especially well in thin lawns that are watered lightly, under-fertilized, and poorly drained. An annotated checklist. Digitaria setigera Roem. Searching using "snake root" will yield no results due to the extra space, but searching "snake" will generate a short list of plants with the word "snake" in the common name. The sole New Zealand record noted by Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) is however, probably a genuine naturalisation stemming from early shipping. Roem. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. Cheeseman, T.F. Rendle Digitaria setigera var. porrhantha (Steud.) The ligule is 4 mm tall; the inflorescence is digitally formed from 3 to … The voids then become prime areas for the crabgrass seeds to germinate the following season. With Appendix: Hepaticopsida (Hepaticae) & Anthocerotopsida by Ella O. Campbell. Lower floret; lemma = spikelet, 5‒7-nerved, nerves inaequidistant, glabrous, outer internerves with long hairs. Rich.) Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Indigenous. Paniceae. Seemingly restricted to makatea and low shrubland overlying basalt tuff and rock on the smaller islands of the northern Kermadec group. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Digitaria bicornis is a stout annual grass, up to 1 m tall, with glaucous green leaves, glabrous sheath, or stiff, milky-based, tubercle-like hairs, up to 15 cm long, also with hair. Flora of New Zealand Volume V Grasses. The seeds germinate in the late spring and early summer and outcompete the domesticated lawn grasses, expanding outward in a circle up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. 1910. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Oliver, W.R.B. & F.W. MSS, a listed contributor to the work Name Verified on: 06-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Spikelets 2.5‒3.5 mm, paired, lanceolate, long-acute, laterally with fine acute-tipped hairs. Henr.-> Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions. fimbriata Henr. both the name and diagnosis are attributed to Roth, Nov. plant. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. Widespread through tropical Asia, Pacific to French Polynesia and North Australia. ex A. comm. Digitaria horizontalis var. Blumea 21: 1–80. Digitaria stricta Roth. Preferred Scientific Name Digitaria sanguinalis Linnaeus (Scop.) Digitaria compacta. The Plants Database includes the following 70 species of Digitaria . Plants, and they are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and.. Digitaria setigera Roth apud R. & S. 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