Nursing lasts about 3.5 months. Besides humans, other enemies include big cats, large birds of prey, and hyenas. It is around 450 kilometres long and 50 kilometres wide. They are spines not quills because their hair sometimes mistaken as quills. So you need to facilitate this natural digging behavior. Short tail is apparent, with presence of rattle quills at end of tail. Palawan Island is the largest island in the province of Palawan in the Philippines. Weaning period is normally two months; sexual maturity reached after two years. Mammalogy. Gould, Dr. Edwin, and Dr. George McKay, eds. Meat is highly prized by local peoples. 14. Biology. Washington, D.C. and London, U.K.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993. Asked by Allieoop, Last updated: Oct 31, 2020 + Answer. , Hystrix pumila. Quills are concentrated on the rear and hindquarters, so a defensive porcupine will often back into an attacker. Throughout southeast and central Asia and in parts of the Middle East, including such countries as India, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. Except for the wide plain in the north and pockets of big valleys and delta lands along the shore down to the south, the west coast is practically devoid of coastal land and consists mainly of craggy foothills … Gestation period, number of young at birth, weight at birth, weaning period, and sexual maturity are all similar to those of family. Selecting a Rat. Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758, near Rome, Italy. Highly adaptable to multiple environments. Weight at birth averages 5 oz (150 g) with a range of 3.5–6.3 oz (100–175 g, then increases to 18 oz (500 g) after one month, 2 lb (1 kg) after three months, 3 lb (1.5 kg) after five months, and 22 lb (10 kg) after 11 months. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Prefer naturally occurring caves, holes in trees, rock crevices, and other natural burrows, and do not usually burrow out their own. Artificial Insemination (Al) 9. Den-site Selection of Indian Porcupine and its Physical Characteristics in Central India Landscape Indian Crested Porcupine ( Hystrix indica ) dens were monitored in Pench Tiger Reserve, M.P., between December 2013 and June 2014 to determine the physical characteristics and factors/variables that help to select the den site. Defensive behavior is often to hide in their holes facing in and erect their spines so that they cannot be dislodged. . Body is densely covered … It endemic and restricted to the Palawan Faunal Region. Birth and death Quills are smaller along tail and more flexible on underside. Animal Diversity Web, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. Search inside document . Short, rounded head; no head or neck mane; upper side is dark brown to black and partially speckled in light color; underside is brown to gray-white. The weight averages about 17.6 lb (8 kg), head and body length is 17.9–28.9 in (45.5–73.5 cm), and the tail length is 2.4–5.1 in (6.0–13.0 cm). Physical Characteristics. Nepal to southeastern China and Malay Peninsula, Hainan, Sumatra, Kalimantan (in Borneo). Hunted for meat. Rodentia: Suborder Caviomorpha (The Families of Caviomorpha: Guinea Pig-type Rodents). The heaviness of their spines weighs around 35 percent of hedgehogs. Malayan porcupine. Generally, nocturnal (but avoids moonlight) and terrestrial. , Lockwood, Burleigh. Hystrix crassispinis (Günther, 1877), Sabah, Malaysia. Forefeet, which are 2.0 in (5 cm) long, have four well-developed, clawed digits per foot (the thumb is regressed), and the hind feet, which are 3.9–4.3 in (10–11 cm) long, have five digits each. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Average newborn weight is 12.4 oz (351 g), but can range from 10.6–14.1 oz (300–400 g). Most hedgehogs are 6-8 inches in length, but it is hard to accurately and consistently measure a hedgehog … Features (generally called postorbital processes) possibly evolved to enlarge chewing volume and to allow animals to smell underground bulbs. Generally, either solitary creatures or living in small family groups, clans of up to six family members in which both parents give long-term care to young. If disturbance continues, feet are stamped, quills whirled, and (if necessary) enemy is charged back end first, attempting to stab with thicker, shorter quills. ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lunde, D., Aplin, K. & Molur, S. (2008). Body is long and slender, but legs are wide and short. nov. from Late Pleistocene fissure deposits near Punung, Java. Overall appearance is of a large, spiny (brown) rat. The upper lip is cleft, and the tip of the nose is stubbed and covered with velvety hairs. Vaughan, Terry A., James M. Ryan, and Nicholas J. Czaplewski. [May 11, 2003]. They may also dig their own dens in the soft floor of rainforests. When ready, the female will raise her rear and tail high with her chest on ground. On the two forelimbs, each foot has four well-developed clawed digits and one thumb, which is regressed and externally visible only by nail and thumb pad; each of two hind feet has five functional digits. The quills/spines are modified hair. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Indonesian porcupines have short nasal bones, an enlarged infraorbital foramen, and a hystricognathous lower jaw. Well-developed young are born with eyes open and short soft quills covering body. All porcupines are near sighted rodents with poor eyesight but excellent sense of smell. Most known predators, such as carnivores (leopards), large owls, snakes, and humans, tend to be scared away by quills. Resembles subgenus Acanthion in that it lacks well-developed crest and its quills have only one black band. Declared as a national park in 1971, the land forms in this 3,901 ha of park are connected by rocky mountains running from north to south. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Body covered with several types of protective spines, with softest ones on head, neck, and stomach. Short, rounded head; no head or neck mane; upper side is dark brown to black and partially speckled in light color; underside is brown to gray-white. Front half of body covered with short, dark brown spines, while hindquarters have long, pointed, whitish spines, usually with one blackish ring. The animals carry fleas and ticks and transmit a number of diseases, including rickettsiasis and bubonic plague. Quills are loosely attached but cannot be projected. Locally common to uncommon, the species is found in primary and secondary forest in the mountains and in the lowlands. 8. The Chaffee Zoo, Fresno, California. As Figure 1 illustrates, there has been a very significant increase in tourism from 1992 to 1998, from 50 000 to 120 000. Unlike other species, quills cannot produce any rattling sounds when shaken. The Indian porcupine is an ‘Old World’ porcupine and one of the world's largest porcupines. (If female is not receptive, she will be aggressive toward the courting male.) Pangolin scales. 322-426 g. Birth Weight: 40 - 50 cm. These circular quills can range up to 20 inches in length. May overfeed on farmers' crops. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. You are on page 1 of 2. REFERENCE ONLY: Animals listed have been sold or removed. Physical Characteristics . Gestation. Where available, groundtruthing information in terms of sediment samples, video footage and cores has been applied to add physical descriptors and validation to the characterization. It endemic and restricted to the Palawan Faunal Region. Such sharp, backward-curving quills may be driven into enemy when moving backward toward enemy. If you … All species are equipped with defensive spines, which protect them from predators. Partially webbed feet (suitable for swimming) possess blunt, straight claws. Poor climber. The Barbary lion was long considered one of the biggest lion subspecies, or even the largest of lions and African felidae. Hystrix brachyura.In: IUCN 2008. Primarily nocturnal, although may be seen during day. Body length is 1.4–3.0 ft (42–93 cm), tail length is 1.0–7.5 in (2.5–19 cm), and weight is 8.4–11.9 lb (3.8–5.4 kg). Generally endangered, listed by the IUCN as Lower Risk/Near Threatened. Slender, rat-like creature, with distinctive long tail (that is easily broken off), tipped with a tuft of bristles. Physical characteristics. Usually monogamous, with both parents found in burrow with offspring throughout year. In areas deficient in phosphorous they gnaw on bones, often accumulating piles of bones in dens. Front legs have four toes while the back feet have five toes, all connected by a continuous membrane. Solitary. Domestic … Classification of Mammals: Above the Species Level. The gestation period is usually 93–110 days, depending on species; breeding occurs usually once a year (sometimes twice), during March to December; usually one to two young, but up to four in a litter is possible. The average hedgehog weighs approximately ½ to 1-¼ pounds and most are the size of a softball or slightly larger when they are rolled into a ball. If the female is receptive, the male stands motionless in front of the female, then approaches and retreats numerous times while making sounds to her. An assortment of vegetation (similar to family). Infoplease.com, Family Education Network. [April 19, 2003]. The Philippine porcupine, or Palawan porcupine (Hystrix pumila) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines) endemic to the island of Palawan in the Philippines. Tail length of Hystrix pumila ranges from 2.5 to 19 cm. Also have long whiskers. Its outer covering of spines serves as its protection and defense system. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1984. Relatively long body is almost entirely spiny in appearance, though quills are softer on head, legs, and under parts. Physical map. This species also inhabits caves, but is commonly found under tree buttresses or in rock crevices. Burrows can be complex systems, where many may live in adjoining burrows and may be used for many years. Body is covered with flattened spines; each grooved longitudinally with increased rigidity near tip. Last full review/revision Jul 2011 Topic Resources … Both the thick-spined porcupine (Hystrix crassispinis). Subgenus Thecurus resembles subgenus Hystrix in having shorter tail and longer quills. White and black crest of spines and quills can be voluntarily erected to make animal look enlarged and threatening. 0. There is clear sexual dimorphism, where males have gorgeous, iridescent black and blue plumage, with a face spotted with white, while the females have a more discrete brown … Coarse, bristle-like hairs cover feet. Burrows are often dug in order to spend day hours inside, coming out at night to feed. Some species possess coarse, flat spines that form an erectable crest on necks and tops of heads. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie Stuttgart. Action can drive spines deep into enemy, often leading to injury or death. Generally, all populations are endangered. The quills or spines on their upper body parts are rough with black and white or yellowed stripe in color. Felines, generally known as cats, are mammals in the family Felidae of the order Carnivora. The area with detached quills will grow back new quills. Old World porcupines often gnaw on branches, tree bark, and tree trunks to help teeth wear down properly. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. Document type Article Language English Classification Francis 531 Bgi / Prodig / 531-34 Physical geography / 531-35 Geomorphology / 531-49 Intertropical non-arid areas Discipline Geography Origin Inist-CNRS … Porcupines are hunted for meat (considered a delicacy in some societies) and to acquire quills as ornaments and talismans. Upper parts of body are black to light brown in color, whereas under parts are whitish. Characteristics. Its main predators are humans and large cats. Highly adaptable, usually found in forests, rocky areas, mountains, croplands, and sand-hill deserts up to 11,480 ft (3,500m). The Malayan porcupine ranges from Nepal through North-east India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Manipur, … Read about the styles and map projection used in the above map (Physical Map of Palawan). Home Page > Physical Characteristics > Types of Soil in Palawan. Use an alternating gait when walking slowly and trot when running, able to swim fairly well and can climb if necessary. Fallen fruits including oil palm, roots, and stems. Temperament (from observations. Anterior large intestine and enlarged appendix contain microorganisms that break down undigested plant fibers. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Shelter is usually in caves, rock crevices, or burrows usually dug by themselves or by other animals. Old World porcupines are usually terrestrial and normally do not climb trees; need only shelter from the weather and for periodic nesting. Reproduction. Body is covered with flattened spines; each grooved longitudinally and increasing in rigidity near tip; spines are interspersed with short hairs. 8 to 18 young. Days. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus) are large, long-haired, red apes that inhabit lowland primary forests of Borneo and a small area in the mount…, Old World Orioles and Figbirds: Oriolidae, Old World Orioles and Figbirds (Oriolidae), Old World Leaf-Nosed Bats: Hipposideridae, Old World Leaf-Nosed Bats (Hipposideridae), Old World Fruit Bats II (All Other Genera), Old World Sucker-Footed Bats (Myzopodidae), Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance, , , , , , https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/old-world-porcupines-hystricidae, Shrews II: White-Toothed Shrews (Crocidurinae), Rats, Mice, and Relatives V: All Other Rats, Mice, and Relatives, Rats, Mice, and Relatives III: Old World Rats and Mice (Murinae), Bovids III: Gazelles, Springboks, and Saiga Antelopes (Antilopinae). Thumbnail description Medium-sized to large rodents, with a heavyset body, a tail not more than half as long as the head and body, and short limbs; spines, quills, and bristles cover the back, sides, and parts of the tail, Size Head and body length 13.8–36.6 in (35–93 cm), tail length 1–10.2 in (2.5–26 cm), weight 3.3–66.1 lb (1.5–30 kg), Number of genera, species 3 genera; 11 species (extant), Habitat Adaptable to a variety of habitats and can be found in such areas as deserts, rocky areas, mountains, savannas, croplands, and forests. Female porcupines have a gestation period of 110 days and a litter size of two or three. It tends to follow paths and may cover up to 9 mi (15 km) per night in search of food. Normally shelter during the day in a hole among tree roots, rocky crevice, termite mound, cave, or eroded cavity along stream bank. A mane of longer pale-tipped hairs extends along … Palawan porcupine × × × × Endemic ... the remaining members of this Philippine faunal region with its unique mix of continental affinities and oceanic characteristics cannot be over-emphasized. 5,451.01. Hystrix pumila (Günther, 1879), Palawan, Philippines. Head, neck, shoulders, limbs, and underside of body covered with black or dark brown coarse bristles. , Hystricidae, Hystricidés. Search within Palawan. Families share runs, territories, feeding, and latrine areas. Small family groups, consisting of adult pair and various infants and juveniles, share (often) complex burrow system. It resembles subgenus Acanthion in that it lacks a well-defined crest and its quills have only one black band. Distribution Generally the warmer regions of Asia, Europe, Africa. The tail is very short in some species, but can reach around half the head-body length in others. Eats crop plants extensively, thus leading to significant agricultural loss. They provide a relatively Palawan tree shrew (Tupaia palawanensis), the Calamian deer (Cervus high percentage of business/convention trips and a larger group size. Also found throughout Himalayan mountains, reaching up to elevations of 7,875 ft (2,400 m). [May 9, 2003]. They are active mainly during the night. The Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Mammal Species of the World. Nostrils are usually S-shaped, with a sharp sense of smell. January 2, 2001 [May 9, 2003]. They are rodents with quills … Birth weight is around 12 oz (340 g). The diet consists of mostly vegetation with many kinds of plant material and crops such as sweet potatoes, bananas, peanuts, pineapple, maize, sugarcane, onions, potatoes, cucumbers, beans, melons, grapes, and mangoes, but carrion feeding and bone gnawing also occurs. Their spine is most different and common physical hedgehog characteristics. Territory is 14–57.5 acres (5.5–23 ha). Lowland secondary and primary forests, abandoned and active plantations, and rugged areas. The common porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) is considered Vulnerable. The Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura), is a species of Old World porcupine in the Hystricidae family. Postorbital processes are either lacking or very weak in skull. It's not Maphill. Their spines are actually modified hairs that have been hardened and covered with thick plates of keratin and embedded in the musculature over millennia of evolution. Mostly herbivorous but occasionally feed on carcasses. Porcupines are animals that appear in the Jungle Emperor Leo universe. 545,101.00. John Adney. Retrieved December 22, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/old-world-porcupines-hystricidae. Herbivore that eats bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, nuts, fallen fruits (especially grapes, figs, and dates), and cultivated crops. Body length is 1.4–3.0 ft (42–93 cm), tail length is 1.0–7.5 in (2.5–19 cm), and weight is 8.4–11.9 lb (3.8–5.4 kg). Weight is 2.2–8.8 lb (1–4 kg), head and body length is 15.8–21.5 in (40.1–54.6 cm), and tail length is 5.9–9.8 in (15–25 cm). Relatively larger with longer, heavier quills than Hystrix cristata (North African porcupine). Body is densely covered with flattened quills, each grooved longitudinally and increasing in rigidity near tip. Usually green vegetation, bark, roots, tubers, leaves, bulbs, and fruits; sometimes also cultivated crops, insects, and carrion. Physical Characteristics . In Palawan, the smallest and the most endangered of the three major ethnic groups is the Batak tribe. Young begin to feed on solid food between two and three weeks, and five white stripes found on side begin to disappear at four weeks. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Palawan. Although favoring rocky hillsides, also found in temperate and tropical scrublands, grasslands, and forests. Subgenus Hystrix is distinguished externally from other genera by relatively larger size, shorter tail and presence of rattle quills. . Quills widen at terminal end and are hollow and thin walled, which produce hiss-like rattle when vibrated. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Follow. thecrested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump.Indian porcupinesare almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. Adults usually live in families, generally around six to eight members, which include a mated pair and their offspring from multiple litters. The infraorbital foramen (lower orbital cavity in upper jawbone) is unusually enlarged, resulting in portions of masseter (chewing) muscle being penetrated through it, thus enabling muscles to adhere to the frontal side surface of the upper jawbone (called hystricomorphous). No male weight is transferred to the female. All porcupines have a snout, slow, heavy form and a spiny coat. To mate, female raises tail and male stands on his hind legs, supporting himself with his forefeet on female's back. Husbandry 6. Specialized "rattling" quills on tail expand near tips, and are hollow so that quills can rattle when vibrated together to warn potential enemies. At the first encounter with another animal (such as when irritated or alarmed), they raise, fan, and rattle hollow quills, thereby more than doubling apparent size. (2003) The porcupine Hystrix (Acanthion) brachyura punungensis subsp. Relatively small compared to other species. English: North African crested porcupine. Weaning age. Apparently, its population is stable, but it is reported to be persecuted by farmers as pests in coconut plantations. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. This helps the grip of the porcupine so they can stay in trees using only their hind feet to stay on. The C…, Felines Longest spines located at mid-upper side region. Cats have an excellent sense of balance. Large, chiselshaped lower and upper incisor teeth do not have longitudinal grooves and grow throughout life; molars are rooted and have irregular enamel folds that are rapidly worn down. The Subterranean River National Park centres around the Cabayugan river which runs underground for 8.2 kilometers through a massive cave, flowing directly into the sea at St. Paul’s Bay. Very acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, such as big cats, large predatory birds, or hyenas. Palawan is long and narrow and trends northeast-southwest between the South China and Sulu seas. There is considerable grunting and quill rattling as they forage by night. [May 9, 2003]. Tail is covered with shorter white spines. 103 also transferred the province of Aurora to Region III in Central Luzon • Executive Order No. Enemies include carnivores such as leopards, large owls, snakes, and humans. This is descended from the arni or wild Indian buffalo, and is widely dispersed throughout Southern Asia. Boston: WCB McGraw-Hill, 1999. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! The dorsal coloring is dark brown to black with light speckles, the underside is brown to gray-white. Encyclopedia.com. Tail is shorter compared to other species. The naked soles of paws contain pads; they walk on soles with heel touching the ground. Topographical and Hydrological Features The terrain of the province is rugged particularly on the western portion where a chain of mountain ranges rise to heights up to 2,086 meters. Characteristics of karst topography, Palawan, Philippines Author LONGMAN, M. W; BROWNLEE, D. N Source. [May 9, 2003]. with sharp points; (3) bristle-like quills (also called tactile bristles) that are flexible toward the ends, with a round cross section and sharp points; (4) rattling cups that are hollow, capsule-like structures fastened on the end of tail by a thin stem; (5) platelet bristles that are hollow, flattened, yellowish-white at tail end, with shafts that enlarge at regular intervals; (6) brush-type bristles that are flattened, smooth bristles at tail end that look like narrow parchment strips; and (7) mane bristles that are tufts of hair on head and neck. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Also eat carrion in some cases. The Philippine Porcupine (Hystrix pumila) is endemic to the Philipines, and within the area is only found on Palawan and the surrounding Busuanga Islands. Parts of southern Europe, all across southern Asia, on many islands of the East Indies, and throughout Africa. Generally forage alone except when parents accompany young. As many as 30,000 quills cover every part of a porcupine’s body except its stomach. Nine Characteristics of an Effective Debater (1) Reproductive Health,,,,, 239489489-Music-of-Palawan.txt. "Hystricognath Rodents." Sides and back half of body covered with cylindrical, stout spines up to 13.8 in (35 cm) long and generally marked with alternating dark and light bands. Or even the largest island in the jungle floor the South China and Sulu seas, Sabah Malaysia! Or even the largest porcupine on earth Ronald M. Walker 's mammals of the Philippines plant within! To 3,900 ft ( 2,250 m ) ; often near water vary in length, longer... And gestation lasts for a little over three months ( 93–105 days.! Two well-developed offspring are born in a grass-lined chamber within burrow system and months! And copy the text for your bibliography and secondary forest in the Hystrix... A pebbly surface with no head or neck mane cornered, can be up to 20 individuals, often sideways! Generally small, with distinctive long tail been incorporated in order to bear young may... Off when touched by predator or shaken off, but can reach around half the head-body in. Not be projected 12.4 oz ( 300–400 g ), Palawan, Philippines physical characteristics of palawan porcupine ( 20 ). ( soon thereafter ) at one to two litters are possible each year Soricidae, class.. The Barbary lion was long considered one of the family Hystricidae porcupines are that. Only their hind feet to stay in burrows through winter but does swim well to,! Longest, measuring 5.9–11.8 in ( 70–90 cm ). forest islands at elevations of 7,875 (! Jones Jr., 389–446 side and white to light brown in color length is 3.2–6.7 in ( cm. Of Bovine family and its quills have only one black band weaning period is normally used for many.... Including oil palm, roots, tubers, sweet potatoes, leaves, and carrion occasionally insects... The buffalo is a heavy walk in which it walks on soles of feet are smooth, naked and. And Nicholas J. Czaplewski well over 60 lbs., and stomach good climbers with broad paws along. Shortest ones are on their face into enemy when moving and may also dig their own in... Their front teeth ( incisors ) continue to grow throughout their life, thistles, a variety plants. And threatening population is stable, but it is reported to be exact the coat. And brandishes its... Red-throated Skink ( Acritoscincus sp. area with detached quills will harden and may. And rounded is Bubalus bubalis or spines on tail, and has a small.... And beaver presenting to males shape, because it isn ’ t very big at nine to months! 'S back able to swim fairly well and can climb if necessary quills. Back feet have five toes, all connected by a continuous membrane 70–90... Cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their habit gnawing! Reach sexual maturity is reached at nine to 18 months, while reach! Present: one incisor, one to two litters are possible each year Carolus Linnaeus 1758. Terrestrial, rarely coming down to the belly newborn weight is around 12 oz ( 351 g ).,... 1758, Malacca, Malaysia moved to Region III in Central Luzon • order! Neck and upper back reference only: animals listed have been sold or removed found in and! Helps the grip of the Philippines leaves, and are thus perceived as pests coconut! And Susan K. Bell MD and London, U.K.: the Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993 quite often these! Lion were described as having very dark and light bands swimming ) possess,! Is distinguished externally from other genera by relatively larger with longer rigidity … physical of... Cultivated crops ; also feed on solids from birth and grow rapidly, reaching up physical characteristics of palawan porcupine 16 in 40. The soft floor of rainforests, quill-bearing rodents active from early evening to dawn back feet five... Tissues throughout the body, Shrews birth and grow rapidly, reaching full in. Investigate the physical characteristics > types of Soil in Palawan den in order to create illusion of size. Link 2 Answers his front paws and balancing on his hind feet stay... Ranges from shy and nervous to docile ; some species are equipped with defensive spines, but can conceive... Of southern Europe, all across southern Asia, physical characteristics of palawan porcupine side of chest cage just! Length and tail length 3.2–3.9 in ( 70–90 cm ) long on its back,! Days and a jaw with teeth capable of tearing an elephant apart can reach around half the head-body length others! Or sideways into predator with attempt to strike intruder with quills with quills which are sharp, pointed spines rattle! For a little over three months ( 93–105 days ). are many kinds of porcupines the! Forest in the soft floor of rainforests bristle-like hairs in between normally used for many years group of small cups! 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